If facial creams, masks, sport, proper diet and lifestyle were your tool to young looks, at some point in life it becomes impossible to fight signs of aging. Though the process of aging varies from person to person wrinkles and loose skin are inevitable. For this reason, facial plastic surgery is one of the most common procedures in the world.
Rhytidectomy (Face Lift)
Decreased elasticity intensifies the aging process of the facial skin and muscles. The face starts to show aging changes, along with wrinkles and fine lines.
Face lift is incapable of removing all signs of aging, however it can totally change most of the visible traces. This surgical procedure is used to give a more youthful facial appearance removing the fine lines and wrinkles, tightening the loose skin and muscles. Most of the people look about ten years younger after the procedure. The outcome is preserved for 7-10 years.
Candidates for this procedure are usually considered to be people aged 40-60, however people aged 70-80 can also undergo the procedure.
Face lift is an intricate intervention performed under general anesthesia. The patient should stay at hospital for 1-2 days after the surgery. The patient should wear a special compression bandage for about one week. The suture is removed in almost one week. From then on he/she should be extra careful about the new face as the latter’s skin and hypodermic muscles are not used to the new state, size and form. The person having undergone rhytidectomy should wash the head with lukewarm water in 7-10 days after the surgery and should dye the hair no sooner than in a month.
Decorative cosmetics may be used in 7 days after the surgery only in case of adequate scar healing process.
Face and neck show the most visible signs of aging. Double chin, sagging jowls and excess neck weight make the person look prematurely aged and constantly tired. Neck lift is a surgical procedure addressing this problem through removing excess skin and fat. It improves muscle activity, tightens loose skin and gives the chin a natural look.
The patient should wear special compression underwear in the post-operative period. Swelling usually increases in 2-3 days following the surgery. The suture is removed almost in one week.
The reversal starts in one week after the surgery and is complete in three weeks. The patient should avoid physical workload after the surgery as the neck muscles and skin are not used to the new state, size and form.
Forehead Plastic Surgery
Forehead plastic surgery is performed to rejuvenate the patient’s skin by removing the visible signs of aging and fine lines on the forehead by tightening the loose skin and improving the muscle activity.
The outcome is preserved for 7-10 years. To get a better idea how your face will change following the surgery take a mirror, touch the external corners of the eyes, slightly above the eyebrows and stretch the skin focusing on the change of the level of eyebrows and the forehead. That will be similar to the surgical outcome.
The patient should not be afraid of post-operative complications if the surgery has been performed by an accomplished surgeon. The unpleasant changes will bear a temporary nature and will leave no traces. The slightly swollen face will be gone in about two weeks. The post-operative consequences may include temporary hair loss near the scar area, the hair will not grow only if the follicles have been relocated during the surgery. There may also be a large scar that will be completely gone within a year.
Though eyebrows mainly perform a protective function they also convey extra beauty and attractiveness to the human face. Beautifully shaped eyebrows make the female look simple and expressive. However, sometimes an ideal look for eyebrows can be achieved only through a surgery. In such cases people should turn to professional cosmetologists who will perform the “browlift” plastic surgery. There is no such a surgery aimed at improving the position of the eyebrows only. Plastic surgeons are able to elevate the drooping eyebrows only through smoothing the horizontal fine lines on the forehead and between eyebrows vertical wrinkles.
Blepharoplasty or eyelid plastic surgery is aimed at eliminating the excess skin of the upper and the lower eyelids. Blepharoplasty solves the problems of loose and drooping skin removing the excess fat in separate portions of the eyelid.
Blepharoplasty is often performed for people (more often women) aged over 35, however the problem can be solved at younger age, too. Blepharoplasty is not recommended for people suffering from high blood pressure, dry eye syndrome, thyroid and cardio-vascular diseases, as well as diabetes.
The patient should undergo an eye examination during the surgical planning phase. He/she should take contact lenses or glasses to the consultation if they wear any.
The patient should be taken good care of in the post-operative period as the vision is restored gradually within several days. Blepharoplasty is performed under general anesthesia, along with local anesthesia. The surgery usually lasts about three hours.
The upper eyelid cuts are made in a way that the post-operative scar is barely noticed when eyes are open. The lower eyelid cut is made immediately below the lashes.
These cuts allow the surgeon separate the skin form fat tissues and muscles, remove the fat and loose skin and muscles. The surgeon further places cosmetic suture.
Eye drops are recommended in the first three days after the surgery. The suture is removed in about a week.
Special eye exercises should be done starting the second day. The patient should avoid workload in the first four weeks. The swelling and bruises will be gradually gone during the 2-3 weeks.
The final result may be assessed in 1.5 month. Recovery is a slow process. Though the scars may remain pinkish in the first 6 months they will become invisible in the end.
In most cases the result preserves for the rest of the life.
Otoplasty or ear plastic surgery is usually performed to correct the protruding earlobe or to reduce the size of the pinna. Highly protruding ears, ear asymmetry and big ears are aesthetic defects that may cause serious psychological problems since childhood.
Otoplasty is usually performed for children aged 6-14 as ear formation process is not over until 4. However, there are no age restrictions for otoplasty and it may be performed at 4. However, there are no age restrictions for otoplasty and it may be performed at older age, too.
However, there are no age restrictions for otoplasty and it may be performed at older age, too. Most surgeons are against parents forcing their children to undergo the surgery explaining thatthe child himself should express such a wish as in such a case the process runs smoothly and yields great results. The surgical procedure is usually performed in ambulatory care sensitive (ACS) conditions, hospitalization not being obligatory.
As a rule, small children undergo the surgery under general anesthesia, with teenagers and adults undergoing the surgery under local anesthesia. The surgery usually lasts 2-3 hours, though it may last longer depending on the level of complexity.
The post-operative scar is almost unnoticeable and disappears a while later.
If the problem is vivid on one earlobe only, the surgery should be performed on both earlobes to preserve the symmetry.
A protective bandage is placed at the end of otoplasty and the patient is able to return home a few hours later.
The bandage is removed the next day after the surgery and is no more applied. The suture is removed a week later or is removed by itself.
Mentoplasty is a chin surgery aimed at correcting a weak, asymmetric and/or a broad chin. One of the advantages of mentoplasty is that it is well tolerated by patients eliminating the need for general aneasthesia.
Our facial beauty is subject to geometric rules and ideal proportional chin is a famous beauty guarantee. The chin width should be in line with the distance between the eyebrows (or the nose width with the nostrils). An ideal chin height should be half the lower part of the one-third of the face. The chin line should be clearly defined.
Mentoplasty helps to fix the problem of an oversized or too small chin, while the contour mentoplasty corrects an underdeveloped chin structure as well as solves the problem of a loose double chin.
This is one of the oldest types of lip surgery. However, aesthetic surgery of lips is relatively a new phenomenon due to people’s concentration on the attractiveness and sensuality of this body part. Full lips have become a symbol of sensuality, while thin lips may convey an angry look to people and reduced femininity to women, making lip surgery one of the most demanded plastic surgery procedures.
Lip augmentation procedures include injecting different fillers such as silicone, collagen as well as the patient’s fat tissues. Patients may feel pain and stretching during the post-surgical period.
Solid, hot and spicy food should be avoided and should maintain good oral hygiene.
Rejuvenating injections are one of the most practical methods used in modern cosmetology aimed at smoothing wrinkles and correcting the facial contour.
Over the course of time a woman’s face becomes drier contributing to the appearance of wrinkles. Besides surgical procedures there is another effective method to solve the problem:
There are different injectable fillers, among them are restylane, perlane, botox, Dysport and other. Though they all perform the same function, there are different instructions for different cases. Botox is the most common procedure performed in such cases. 10-15 days after the procedure facial muscles weaken which in turn creates a stretching sensation. The impact of botox injection is about 3-6 months. Besides the correction of different facial parts (wrinkles, cheeks, lips, chin and other) this injection rids the person of the habit of screwing up eyes, which conveys extra attractiveness.
The method of using the patient’s fat tissues as filler is known as lipofilling.
The procedure is performed under local anaesthesia and is less traumatic. Contraindications include blood flow related problems, inflammatory processes and any other diseases. It is strictly prohibited to undergo lipofilling at home, or during pregnancy or lactation It should be performed only by a professional doctor-cosmetologist.
Peel is the most common technique used to correct skin problems. It is aimed at treating skin imperfections, smooth away fine lines leaving the skin more beautiful and rejuvenated. Peel is very often performed as a preventive procedure.
Based on methods and goals peel is divided into the following groups:
Mechanical peel is the simplest among the other two ones. It is performed with hands with the help of different cleaning and restoring substances. This type of peel may be performed at home as a simple hygiene procedure to prevent further problems.
Ultrasound, laser and other devices are used to perform the physical peel. It is aimed at the elimination of more vivid problems. By removing dead skin cells and rough surface it intensifies the cell reproduction.
Chemical peel is used to correct more serious problems. It is more effective due to deeper penetration into the skin. However, the procedure is not recommended for young skin unless seriously needed or instructed by a doctor.